多题目

    Directions:

    Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

    _1_ job applications to eliminate discrimination is not easy. Ten big employers in the public and private sectors—including the civil service, HSBC and Deloitte—have agreed to start _2_ on a “name-blind” basis in Britain; others may also follow suit. In such schemes, those drawing up shortlists of applicants cannot see their _3_ , with the aim of _4_ racial and sexual bias. But do they work?

    In France a law passed in 2006 made the anonymising of applicants’ CVs _5_ for firms of over 50 employees. But the government was slow in laying _6_ the conditions for how the law would operate, and only started _7_ it last year. In Sweden and the Netherlands there have been some trials. Discrimination  against  job  applicants  based  on  their  names  is  well _8_,  particularly  among ethnic minorities. An experiment in Germany found that candidates with German-sounding names were 14% more likely to be called _9_ an interview than candidates with Turkish ones. A review of various studies, by the Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA) , a German outfit, found that anonymised job applications _10_ the chances of ethnic-minority candidates being invited to a / an _11_ . A Swedish study found that it led to more _12_  candidates being  hired.

    However, the results from other trials are not _13_ . A second Swedish experiment found that only women, not immigrants, were boosted by anonymous recruitment. According to the IZA, experiments in the Netherlands showed no _14_ in the  likelihood  of  ethnic-minority  candidates being offered a job if their CVs were seen anonymously, suggesting that discrimination had _15_ at the interview stage.

    Ensuring

第1题 单选

A.

Making

B.

Anonymising

C.

Ignoring

D.

Taking

第2题 单选

A.

recruiting

B.

vanishing

C.

beginning

D.

eliminating

第3题 单选

A.

applications

B.

names

C.

races

D.

jobs

第4题 单选

A.

expanding

B.

increasing

C.

keeping

D.

reducing

第5题 单选

A.

compulsory

B.

temporary

C.

optional

D.

alternative

第6题 单选

A.

out

B.

away

C.

down

D.

off

第7题 单选

A.

stopping

B.

enforcing

C.

planning

D.

appealing

第8题 单选

A.

documented

B.

shaped

C.

realized

D.

understood

第9题 单选

A.

on

B.

at

C.

for

D.

after

第10题 单选

A.

rise

B.

provide

C.

boost

D.

shrink

第11题 单选

A.

job

B.

interview

C.

employment

D.

position

第12题 单选

A.

nameless

B.

Germanic

C.

ethnic

D.

common

第13题 单选

A.

clear

B.

suggestive

C.

integrated

D.

subordinate

第14题 单选

A.

indication

B.

evidence

C.

increase

D.

progress

第15题 单选

A.

stuck in

B.

relied on

C.

caught at

D.

crept in

第16题 单选

A.

anonymous

B.

fair

C.

competitive

D.

unknown

第17题 单选

A.

female

B.

young

C.

foreign-born

D.

emigratory

第18题 单选

A.

standards

B.

indicators

C.

thoughts

D.

indexes

第19题 单选

A.

identify

B.

discriminate

C.

exert

D.

conceal

第20题 单选

A.

decreasing

B.

continuing

C.

staying

D.

ending

发表评论

登录 后再回复